Site types
Settlement and

Location

Coordinates (degrees)
036.790° N, 034.600° E
Coordinates (DMS)
036° 47' 00" E, 034° 36' 00" N
Country (ISO 3166)
Türkiye (TR)

radiocarbon date Radiocarbon dates (112)

Lab ID Context Material Taxon Method Uncalibrated age Calibrated age References
LTL-1802A NA 14C 7301±75 BP Altinbilek-Algül 2011 Weninger 2022
LTL-285A NA 14C 5605±65 BP Caneva & Köroglu 2010 Weninger 2022
LTL-287A NA 14C 5739±65 BP Caneva & Köroglu 2010 Weninger 2022
LTL-3977A NA 14C 7405±55 BP Altinbilek-Algül 2011 Weninger 2022
LTL-3978A NA 14C 7493±55 BP Altinbilek-Algül 2011 Weninger 2022
LTL-3979A NA 14C 7405±45 BP Altinbilek-Algül 2011 Weninger 2022
LTL-4633A NA 14C 7477±55 BP Altinbilek-Algül 2011 Weninger 2022
LTL-4634A NA 14C 7453±55 BP Altinbilek-Algül 2011 Weninger 2022
LTL-4638A NA 14C 5616±45 BP Caneva & Köroglu 2010 Weninger 2022
LTL-4639A NA 14C 5661±45 BP Caneva & Köroglu 2010 Weninger 2022
LTL-4640A NA 14C 5676±45 BP Caneva & Köroglu 2010 Weninger 2022
LTL-628A NA 14C 5582±50 BP Caneva & Köroglu 2010 Weninger 2022
R-1226 charcoal NA 14C 7280±70 BP Thissen 2002a, 308 Weninger 2022
R-1343 charcoal NA 14C 7640±80 BP Thissen 2002a, 308 Weninger 2022
R-1344 charcoal NA 14C 7750±80 BP Thissen 2002a, 308 Weninger 2022
R-1345 charcoal NA 14C 7010±75 BP Thissen 2002a, 309 Weninger 2022
R-467 charcoal NA 14C 7920±90 BP Caneva 1999, 109 Weninger 2022
R-602 charcoal NA 14C 5940±70 BP Caneva 1999, 109 Weninger 2022
R-7090 charcoal NA 14C 7090±70 BP Caneva 1999, 109 Weninger 2022
R-734 charcoal NA 14C 7790±80 BP Caneva 1999, 109 Weninger 2022

typological date Typological dates (64)

Classification Estimated age References
Chalcolithic NA Caneva 1999, 109
Neolithic NA Caneva 1999, 109
Neolithic NA Caneva 1999, 109
Neolithic NA Caneva 1999, 109
Neolithic NA Caneva 1999, 109
Neolithic NA Caneva 1999, Thissen 2002a
Neolithic NA Caneva 1999, 109
Chalcolithic NA Caneva 1999, 109
Neolithic NA Rubin and Alexander 1960, Thissen 2002a
CH NA Caneva 1999, Thissen 2002a
Latest Chalcolithic NA NA
CH NA Caneva 1999, Thissen 2002a
Latest Chalcolithic NA NA
CH NA Caneva 1999, Thissen 2002a
Middle Chalcolithic NA NA
PN NA Caneva 1999, Thissen 2001b, Thissen 2002a, Balossi 2004
Late Neolithic NA NA
PN NA Caneva 1999, Thissen 2002a, Balossi 2004
Late Neolithic NA NA
PN NA Thissen 2002a, Balossi 2004

Bibliographic reference Bibliographic references

@misc{Altinbilek-Algül 2011,
  
}
@misc{Caneva & Köroglu 2010,
  
}
@misc{Thissen 2002a, 308,
  
}
@misc{Thissen 2002a, 309,
  
}
@misc{Caneva 1999, 109,
  
}
@misc{Caneva 1999, Thissen 2002a,
  
}
@misc{Rubin and Alexander 1960, Thissen 2002a,
  
}
@misc{Caneva 1999, Thissen 2001b, Thissen 2002a, Balossi 2004,
  
}
@misc{Caneva 1999, Thissen 2002a, Balossi 2004,
  
}
@misc{Thissen 2002a, Balossi 2004,
  
}
@misc{Altinbilek-Algül 2011; Brami 2014; Brami and Zanotti 2015; CalPal,
  
}
@misc{Caneva and Köroglu 2010; CalPal; Flohr et al. 2016,
  
}
@misc{Altinbilek-Algül 2011; Brami 2014; Brami and Zanotti 2015,
  
}
@misc{Brami and Zanotti 2015; TAY Project,
  
}
@misc{TAY Project,
  
}
@misc{Brami and Zanotti 2015; Flohr et al. 2016,
  
}
@misc{Thissen 2002; Brami and Zanotti 2015; Altinbilek-Algül 2011; Flohr et al. 2016; Reingruber and Thissen 2016; TAY Project,
  
}
@misc{Caneva 1999; Brami and Zanotti 2015; CalPal; Flohr et al. 2016,
  
}
@misc{Caneva 1999; CalPal; Flohr et al. 2016,
  
}
@misc{Reingruber and Thissen 2016; TAY Project,
  
}
@misc{Thissen 2002a 308,
  
}
@misc{Thissen 2002a 309,
  
}
@misc{Caneva 1999 109,
  
}
@misc{Caneva 1999 Thissen 2002a,
  
}
@misc{Rubin and Alexander 1960 Thissen 2002a,
  
}
@misc{CalPal,
  title = {CalPal Edition 2022.9},
  author = {Weninger, Bernie},
  year = {2022},
  month = {sep},
  doi = {1010.5281/zenodo.7422618},
  url = {https://zenodo.org/record/7422618},
  abstract = {CalPal is scientific freeware for 14C-based chronological research for Holocene and Palaeolithic Archaeology.},
  copyright = {Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International, Open Access},
  howpublished = {Zenodo},
  month_numeric = {9}
}
@misc{CONTEXT,
  url = {http://context-database.uni-koeln.de/index.php},
  note = {Schyle, D. & Böhner, U. 2006. Near Eastern radiocarbon CONTEXT database. https://doi.org/10.1594/GFZ.CONTEXT.ED1}
}
@article{NERD,
  title = {The NERD Dataset: Near East Radiocarbon Dates between 15,000 and 1,500 Cal. Yr. BP},
  shorttitle = {The NERD Dataset},
  author = {Palmisano, Alessio and Bevan, Andrew and Lawrence, Dan and Shennan, Stephen},
  date = {2022-02-22},
  volume = {10},
  number = {0},
  pages = {2},
  publisher = {Ubiquity Press},
  issn = {2049-1565},
  doi = {10.5334/joad.90},
  url = {https://openarchaeologydata.metajnl.com/articles/10.5334/joad.90},
  urldate = {2023-09-07},
  abstract = {To our knowledge, the dataset described in this paper represents the largest existing repository of uncalibrated radiocarbon dates for the whole Near East from the Late Pleistocene to the Late Holocene (15,000 – 1,500 cal. yr. BP). It is composed of 11,027 radiocarbon dates from 1,023 sites that have been collected comprehensively by cross-checking multiple sources (extant digital archives and databases, edited volumes, monographs, journals papers, archaeological excavation reports, etc.) under the umbrella of the Leverhulme Trust funded project “Changing the Face of the Mediterranean” and of the ERC project “CLASS – Climate, Landscape, Settlement and Society: Exploring Human-Environment Interaction in the Ancient Near East”. This is an ongoing dataset that will be updated step by step with newly published radiocarbon dates.},
  issue = {0},
  langid = {american},
  file = {/home/joeroe/g/work/library/2022/Palmisano_et_al_2022.pdf}
}
@article{p3k14c,
  title = {P3k14c, a Synthetic Global Database of Archaeological Radiocarbon Dates},
  author = {Bird, Darcy and Miranda, Lux and Vander Linden, Marc and Robinson, Erick and Bocinsky, R. Kyle and Nicholson, Chris and Capriles, José M. and Finley, Judson Byrd and Gayo, Eugenia M. and Gil, Adolfo and d’Alpoim Guedes, Jade and Hoggarth, Julie A. and Kay, Andrea and Loftus, Emma and Lombardo, Umberto and Mackie, Madeline and Palmisano, Alessio and Solheim, Steinar and Kelly, Robert L. and Freeman, Jacob},
  year = {2022},
  month = {jan},
  journal = {Scientific Data},
  volume = {9},
  number = {1},
  pages = {27},
  publisher = {Nature Publishing Group},
  issn = {2052-4463},
  doi = {10.1038/s41597-022-01118-7},
  abstract = {Archaeologists increasingly use large radiocarbon databases to model prehistoric human demography (also termed paleo-demography). Numerous independent projects, funded over the past decade, have assembled such databases from multiple regions of the world. These data provide unprecedented potential for comparative research on human population ecology and the evolution of social-ecological systems across the Earth. However, these databases have been developed using different sample selection criteria, which has resulted in interoperability issues for global-scale, comparative paleo-demographic research and integration with paleoclimate and paleoenvironmental data. We present a synthetic, global-scale archaeological radiocarbon database composed of 180,070 radiocarbon dates that have been cleaned according to a standardized sample selection criteria. This database increases the reusability of archaeological radiocarbon data and streamlines quality control assessments for various types of paleo-demographic research. As part of an assessment of data quality, we conduct two analyses of sampling bias in the global database at multiple scales. This database is ideal for paleo-demographic research focused on dates-as-data, bayesian modeling, or summed probability distribution methodologies.},
  copyright = {2022 The Author(s)},
  langid = {english},
  keywords = {Archaeology,Chemistry},
  month_numeric = {1}
}
{"bibtex_key":"Altinbilek-Algül 2011","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Caneva & Köroglu 2010","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Thissen 2002a, 308","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Thissen 2002a, 309","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Caneva 1999, 109","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Caneva 1999, Thissen 2002a","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Rubin and Alexander 1960, Thissen 2002a","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Caneva 1999, Thissen 2001b, Thissen 2002a, Balossi 2004","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Caneva 1999, Thissen 2002a, Balossi 2004","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Thissen 2002a, Balossi 2004","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Altinbilek-Algül 2011; Brami 2014; Brami and Zanotti 2015; CalPal","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Caneva and Köroglu 2010; CalPal; Flohr et al. 2016","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Altinbilek-Algül 2011; Brami 2014; Brami and Zanotti 2015","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Brami and Zanotti 2015; TAY Project","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"TAY Project","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Brami and Zanotti 2015; Flohr et al. 2016","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Thissen 2002; Brami and Zanotti 2015; Altinbilek-Algül 2011; Flohr et al. 2016; Reingruber and Thissen 2016; TAY Project","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Caneva 1999; Brami and Zanotti 2015; CalPal; Flohr et al. 2016","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Caneva 1999; CalPal; Flohr et al. 2016","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Reingruber and Thissen 2016; TAY Project","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Thissen 2002a 308","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Thissen 2002a 309","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Caneva 1999 109","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Caneva 1999 Thissen 2002a","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Rubin and Alexander 1960 Thissen 2002a","bibtex_type":"misc"}[{"bibtex_key":"CalPal","bibtex_type":"misc","title":"{CalPal Edition 2022.9}","author":"{Weninger, Bernie}","year":"{2022}","month":"{sep}","doi":"{1010.5281/zenodo.7422618}","url":"{https://zenodo.org/record/7422618}","abstract":"{CalPal is scientific freeware for 14C-based chronological research for Holocene and Palaeolithic Archaeology.}","copyright":"{Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International, Open Access}","howpublished":"{Zenodo}","month_numeric":"{9}"}][{"bibtex_key":"CONTEXT","bibtex_type":"misc","url":"{http://context-database.uni-koeln.de/index.php}","note":"{Schyle, D. & Böhner, U. 2006. Near Eastern radiocarbon CONTEXT database. https://doi.org/10.1594/GFZ.CONTEXT.ED1}"}][{"bibtex_key":"NERD","bibtex_type":"article","title":"{The NERD Dataset: Near East Radiocarbon Dates between 15,000 and 1,500 Cal. Yr. BP}","shorttitle":"{The NERD Dataset}","author":"{Palmisano, Alessio and Bevan, Andrew and Lawrence, Dan and Shennan, Stephen}","date":"{2022-02-22}","volume":"{10}","number":"{0}","pages":"{2}","publisher":"{Ubiquity Press}","issn":"{2049-1565}","doi":"{10.5334/joad.90}","url":"{https://openarchaeologydata.metajnl.com/articles/10.5334/joad.90}","urldate":"{2023-09-07}","abstract":"{To our knowledge, the dataset described in this paper represents the largest existing repository of uncalibrated radiocarbon dates for the whole Near East from the Late Pleistocene to the Late Holocene (15,000 – 1,500 cal. yr. BP). It is composed of 11,027 radiocarbon dates from 1,023 sites that have been collected comprehensively by cross-checking multiple sources (extant digital archives and databases, edited volumes, monographs, journals papers, archaeological excavation reports, etc.) under the umbrella of the Leverhulme Trust funded project “Changing the Face of the Mediterranean” and of the ERC project “CLASS – Climate, Landscape, Settlement and Society: Exploring Human-Environment Interaction in the Ancient Near East”. This is an ongoing dataset that will be updated step by step with newly published radiocarbon dates.}","issue":"{0}","langid":"{american}","file":"{/home/joeroe/g/work/library/2022/Palmisano_et_al_2022.pdf}"}][{"bibtex_key":"p3k14c","bibtex_type":"article","title":"{P3k14c, a Synthetic Global Database of Archaeological Radiocarbon Dates}","author":"{Bird, Darcy and Miranda, Lux and Vander Linden, Marc and Robinson, Erick and Bocinsky, R. Kyle and Nicholson, Chris and Capriles, José M. and Finley, Judson Byrd and Gayo, Eugenia M. and Gil, Adolfo and d’Alpoim Guedes, Jade and Hoggarth, Julie A. and Kay, Andrea and Loftus, Emma and Lombardo, Umberto and Mackie, Madeline and Palmisano, Alessio and Solheim, Steinar and Kelly, Robert L. and Freeman, Jacob}","year":"{2022}","month":"{jan}","journal":"{Scientific Data}","volume":"{9}","number":"{1}","pages":"{27}","publisher":"{Nature Publishing Group}","issn":"{2052-4463}","doi":"{10.1038/s41597-022-01118-7}","abstract":"{Archaeologists increasingly use large radiocarbon databases to model prehistoric human demography (also termed paleo-demography). Numerous independent projects, funded over the past decade, have assembled such databases from multiple regions of the world. These data provide unprecedented potential for comparative research on human population ecology and the evolution of social-ecological systems across the Earth. However, these databases have been developed using different sample selection criteria, which has resulted in interoperability issues for global-scale, comparative paleo-demographic research and integration with paleoclimate and paleoenvironmental data. We present a synthetic, global-scale archaeological radiocarbon database composed of 180,070 radiocarbon dates that have been cleaned according to a standardized sample selection criteria. This database increases the reusability of archaeological radiocarbon data and streamlines quality control assessments for various types of paleo-demographic research. As part of an assessment of data quality, we conduct two analyses of sampling bias in the global database at multiple scales. This database is ideal for paleo-demographic research focused on dates-as-data, bayesian modeling, or summed probability distribution methodologies.}","copyright":"{2022 The Author(s)}","langid":"{english}","keywords":"{Archaeology,Chemistry}","month_numeric":"{1}"}]
---
:bibtex_key: Altinbilek-Algül 2011
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Caneva & Köroglu 2010
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Thissen 2002a, 308
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Thissen 2002a, 309
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Caneva 1999, 109
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Caneva 1999, Thissen 2002a
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Rubin and Alexander 1960, Thissen 2002a
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Caneva 1999, Thissen 2001b, Thissen 2002a, Balossi 2004
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Caneva 1999, Thissen 2002a, Balossi 2004
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Thissen 2002a, Balossi 2004
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Altinbilek-Algül 2011; Brami 2014; Brami and Zanotti 2015; CalPal
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Caneva and Köroglu 2010; CalPal; Flohr et al. 2016
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Altinbilek-Algül 2011; Brami 2014; Brami and Zanotti 2015
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Brami and Zanotti 2015; TAY Project
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: TAY Project
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Brami and Zanotti 2015; Flohr et al. 2016
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Thissen 2002; Brami and Zanotti 2015; Altinbilek-Algül 2011; Flohr et
  al. 2016; Reingruber and Thissen 2016; TAY Project
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Caneva 1999; Brami and Zanotti 2015; CalPal; Flohr et al. 2016
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Caneva 1999; CalPal; Flohr et al. 2016
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Reingruber and Thissen 2016; TAY Project
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Thissen 2002a 308
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Thissen 2002a 309
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Caneva 1999 109
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Caneva 1999 Thissen 2002a
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Rubin and Alexander 1960 Thissen 2002a
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
- :bibtex_key: CalPal
  :bibtex_type: :misc
  :title: "{CalPal Edition 2022.9}"
  :author: "{Weninger, Bernie}"
  :year: "{2022}"
  :month: "{sep}"
  :doi: "{1010.5281/zenodo.7422618}"
  :url: "{https://zenodo.org/record/7422618}"
  :abstract: "{CalPal is scientific freeware for 14C-based chronological research
    for Holocene and Palaeolithic Archaeology.}"
  :copyright: "{Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International, Open Access}"
  :howpublished: "{Zenodo}"
  :month_numeric: "{9}"
---
- :bibtex_key: CONTEXT
  :bibtex_type: :misc
  :url: "{http://context-database.uni-koeln.de/index.php}"
  :note: "{Schyle, D. & Böhner, U. 2006. Near Eastern radiocarbon CONTEXT database.
    https://doi.org/10.1594/GFZ.CONTEXT.ED1}"
---
- :bibtex_key: NERD
  :bibtex_type: :article
  :title: "{The NERD Dataset: Near East Radiocarbon Dates between 15,000 and 1,500
    Cal. Yr. BP}"
  :shorttitle: "{The NERD Dataset}"
  :author: "{Palmisano, Alessio and Bevan, Andrew and Lawrence, Dan and Shennan, Stephen}"
  :date: "{2022-02-22}"
  :volume: "{10}"
  :number: "{0}"
  :pages: "{2}"
  :publisher: "{Ubiquity Press}"
  :issn: "{2049-1565}"
  :doi: "{10.5334/joad.90}"
  :url: "{https://openarchaeologydata.metajnl.com/articles/10.5334/joad.90}"
  :urldate: "{2023-09-07}"
  :abstract: "{To our knowledge, the dataset described in this paper represents the
    largest existing repository of uncalibrated radiocarbon dates for the whole Near
    East from the Late Pleistocene to the Late Holocene (15,000 – 1,500 cal. yr. BP).
    It is composed of 11,027 radiocarbon dates from 1,023 sites that have been collected
    comprehensively by cross-checking multiple sources (extant digital archives and
    databases, edited volumes, monographs, journals papers, archaeological excavation
    reports, etc.) under the umbrella of the Leverhulme Trust funded project “Changing
    the Face of the Mediterranean” and of the ERC project “CLASS – Climate, Landscape,
    Settlement and Society: Exploring Human-Environment Interaction in the Ancient
    Near East”. This is an ongoing dataset that will be updated step by step with
    newly published radiocarbon dates.}"
  :issue: "{0}"
  :langid: "{american}"
  :file: "{/home/joeroe/g/work/library/2022/Palmisano_et_al_2022.pdf}"
---
- :bibtex_key: p3k14c
  :bibtex_type: :article
  :title: "{P3k14c, a Synthetic Global Database of Archaeological Radiocarbon Dates}"
  :author: "{Bird, Darcy and Miranda, Lux and Vander Linden, Marc and Robinson, Erick
    and Bocinsky, R. Kyle and Nicholson, Chris and Capriles, José M. and Finley, Judson
    Byrd and Gayo, Eugenia M. and Gil, Adolfo and d’Alpoim Guedes, Jade and Hoggarth,
    Julie A. and Kay, Andrea and Loftus, Emma and Lombardo, Umberto and Mackie, Madeline
    and Palmisano, Alessio and Solheim, Steinar and Kelly, Robert L. and Freeman,
    Jacob}"
  :year: "{2022}"
  :month: "{jan}"
  :journal: "{Scientific Data}"
  :volume: "{9}"
  :number: "{1}"
  :pages: "{27}"
  :publisher: "{Nature Publishing Group}"
  :issn: "{2052-4463}"
  :doi: "{10.1038/s41597-022-01118-7}"
  :abstract: "{Archaeologists increasingly use large radiocarbon databases to model
    prehistoric human demography (also termed paleo-demography). Numerous independent
    projects, funded over the past decade, have assembled such databases from multiple
    regions of the world. These data provide unprecedented potential for comparative
    research on human population ecology and the evolution of social-ecological systems
    across the Earth. However, these databases have been developed using different
    sample selection criteria, which has resulted in interoperability issues for global-scale,
    comparative paleo-demographic research and integration with paleoclimate and paleoenvironmental
    data. We present a synthetic, global-scale archaeological radiocarbon database
    composed of 180,070 radiocarbon dates that have been cleaned according to a standardized
    sample selection criteria. This database increases the reusability of archaeological
    radiocarbon data and streamlines quality control assessments for various types
    of paleo-demographic research. As part of an assessment of data quality, we conduct
    two analyses of sampling bias in the global database at multiple scales. This
    database is ideal for paleo-demographic research focused on dates-as-data, bayesian
    modeling, or summed probability distribution methodologies.}"
  :copyright: "{2022 The Author(s)}"
  :langid: "{english}"
  :keywords: "{Archaeology,Chemistry}"
  :month_numeric: "{1}"

Changelog