Site type

Location

Coordinates (degrees)
005.859° N, 010.078° E
Coordinates (DMS)
005° 51' 00" E, 010° 04' 00" N
Country (ISO 3166)
Cameroon (CMR)

radiocarbon date Radiocarbon dates (60)

Lab ID Context Material Taxon Method Uncalibrated age Calibrated age References
OxA-5206 tomb7 Charcoal NA NA 3025±60 BP Lavachery/Cornelissen 2000
OxA-5207 tomb7 Charcoal NA NA 2940±60 BP Zangato 2000
OxA-5636 Lower Horizon of the Ochre Ash Layer Charcoal NA NA 9100±70 BP Lavachery 2001; Garcin et al. 2018
OxA-930 Upper Horizon of the Ochre Ash Layer Charcoal NA NA 7790±80 BP de Maret 1992a; Garcin et al. 2018
UTC-8026 Upper Horizon of the Ochre Ash Layer: Charcoal NA NA 7140±50 BP Lavachery 2001; Garcin et al. 2018
UTC-8027 Lower Horizon of the Ochre Ash Layer Charcoal NA NA 8550±60 BP Lavachery 2001; Garcin et al. 2018
UTC-8028 Lower Horizon of the Ochre Ash Layer Charcoal NA NA 8560±60 BP Lavachery 2001; Garcin et al. 2018
UTC-8029 Lower Horizon of the Ochre Ash Layer Charcoal NA NA 8920±90 BP Lavachery 2001; Garcin et al. 2018
BM-2495 NA NA 40±40 BP DELNEUF Michèle ESSOMBA Joseph-Marie FROMENT Alain (éds). Paléo-anthropologie en Afrique centrale : un bilan de l'archéologie au Cameroun. Paris France : L'Harmattan 1998 368p. (Etudes Africaines) ISBN : 2-7384-7405-5 Bird et al. 2022
BM-2496 NA NA 6360±100 BP DELNEUF Michèle ESSOMBA Joseph-Marie FROMENT Alain (éds). Paléo-anthropologie en Afrique centrale : un bilan de l'archéologie au Cameroun. Paris France : L'Harmattan 1998 368p. (Etudes Africaines) ISBN : 2-7384-7405-5 Bird et al. 2022
Beta-51834 NA NA 3180±80 BP Fay 1997; Garcin et al. 2018 Bird et al. 2022
Beta-51835 NA NA 200±60 BP Lavachery P. 2001. The Holocene archaeological sequence of Shum Laka rock shelter (Grassfields western Cameroon) The African Archaeological Review 18 4: 213-247. Bird et al. 2022
Beta-51837 NA NA 1360±80 BP Lavachery P. 2001. The Holocene archaeological sequence of Shum Laka rock shelter (Grassfields western Cameroon) The African Archaeological Review 18 4: 213-247. Bird et al. 2022
Hv-10587 NA NA 885±55 BP De Maret P. 1982. New Survey of Archaeological Research and Dates for West-Central and North-Central Africa. The Journal of African History 23: 1-15. Bird et al. 2022
Hv-10588 NA NA 1690±55 BP De Maret P. 1982. New Survey of Archaeological Research and Dates for West-Central and North-Central Africa. The Journal of African History 23: 1-15. Bird et al. 2022
Hv-8963 NA NA 6070±340 BP DELNEUF Michèle ESSOMBA Joseph-Marie FROMENT Alain (éds). Paléo-anthropologie en Afrique centrale : un bilan de l'archéologie au Cameroun. Paris France : L'Harmattan 1998 368p. (Etudes Africaines) ISBN : 2-7384-7405-5 Bird et al. 2022
Hv-8964 NA NA 8705±275 BP DELNEUF Michèle ESSOMBA Joseph-Marie FROMENT Alain (éds). Paléo-anthropologie en Afrique centrale : un bilan de l'archéologie au Cameroun. Paris France : L'Harmattan 1998 368p. (Etudes Africaines) ISBN : 2-7384-7405-5 Bird et al. 2022
Hv-8965 NA NA 6980±260 BP DELNEUF Michèle ESSOMBA Joseph-Marie FROMENT Alain (éds). Paléo-anthropologie en Afrique centrale : un bilan de l'archéologie au Cameroun. Paris France : L'Harmattan 1998 368p. (Etudes Africaines) ISBN : 2-7384-7405-5 Bird et al. 2022
Lv-1603 NA NA 8480±140 BP Pincon 1991 Bird et al. 2022
Ly-1603D NA NA 8480±140 BP DELNEUF Michèle ESSOMBA Joseph-Marie FROMENT Alain (éds). Paléo-anthropologie en Afrique centrale : un bilan de l'archéologie au Cameroun. Paris France : L'Harmattan 1998 368p. (Etudes Africaines) ISBN : 2-7384-7405-5 Bird et al. 2022

typological date Typological dates (0)

Classification Estimated age References

Bibliographic reference Bibliographic references

@misc{Lavachery/Cornelissen 2000,
  
}
@misc{Asombang 1988,
  
}
@misc{de Maret 1992a,
  
}
@misc{de Maret 1980,
  
}
@misc{Lavachery 2001; Garcin et al. 2018,
  
}
@misc{Zangato 2000,
  
}
@misc{de Maret 1992a; Garcin et al. 2018,
  
}
@misc{DELNEUF Michèle ESSOMBA Joseph-Marie FROMENT Alain (éds). Paléo-anthropologie en Afrique centrale : un bilan de l'archéologie au Cameroun. Paris France : L'Harmattan 1998 368p. (Etudes Africaines) ISBN : 2-7384-7405-5,
  
}
@misc{Fay 1997; Garcin et al. 2018,
  
}
@misc{Lavachery P. 2001. The Holocene archaeological sequence of Shum Laka rock shelter (Grassfields western Cameroon) The African Archaeological Review 18 4: 213-247.,
  
}
@misc{De Maret P. 1982. New Survey of Archaeological Research and Dates for West-Central and North-Central Africa. The Journal of African History 23: 1-15.,
  
}
@misc{Pincon 1991,
  
}
@misc{Asomband 1998; Garcin et al. 2018,
  
}
@misc{Giblin et al. 2010,
  
}
@misc{Clist 2004/05,
  
}
@misc{Livingstone-Smith et al. 2007,
  
}
@misc{aDRAC,
  url = {https://github.com/dirkseidensticker/aDRAC},
  note = {Seidensticker, D. & W. Hubau (2021), ’aDRAC. Archive des datations radiocarbones d’Afrique centrale’, Version 2.0. https://github.com/dirkseidensticker/aDRAC}
}
@article{p3k14c,
  title = {P3k14c, a Synthetic Global Database of Archaeological Radiocarbon Dates},
  author = {Bird, Darcy and Miranda, Lux and Vander Linden, Marc and Robinson, Erick and Bocinsky, R. Kyle and Nicholson, Chris and Capriles, José M. and Finley, Judson Byrd and Gayo, Eugenia M. and Gil, Adolfo and d’Alpoim Guedes, Jade and Hoggarth, Julie A. and Kay, Andrea and Loftus, Emma and Lombardo, Umberto and Mackie, Madeline and Palmisano, Alessio and Solheim, Steinar and Kelly, Robert L. and Freeman, Jacob},
  year = {2022},
  month = {jan},
  journal = {Scientific Data},
  volume = {9},
  number = {1},
  pages = {27},
  publisher = {Nature Publishing Group},
  issn = {2052-4463},
  doi = {10.1038/s41597-022-01118-7},
  abstract = {Archaeologists increasingly use large radiocarbon databases to model prehistoric human demography (also termed paleo-demography). Numerous independent projects, funded over the past decade, have assembled such databases from multiple regions of the world. These data provide unprecedented potential for comparative research on human population ecology and the evolution of social-ecological systems across the Earth. However, these databases have been developed using different sample selection criteria, which has resulted in interoperability issues for global-scale, comparative paleo-demographic research and integration with paleoclimate and paleoenvironmental data. We present a synthetic, global-scale archaeological radiocarbon database composed of 180,070 radiocarbon dates that have been cleaned according to a standardized sample selection criteria. This database increases the reusability of archaeological radiocarbon data and streamlines quality control assessments for various types of paleo-demographic research. As part of an assessment of data quality, we conduct two analyses of sampling bias in the global database at multiple scales. This database is ideal for paleo-demographic research focused on dates-as-data, bayesian modeling, or summed probability distribution methodologies.},
  copyright = {2022 The Author(s)},
  langid = {english},
  keywords = {Archaeology,Chemistry},
  month_numeric = {1}
}
{"bibtex_key":"Lavachery/Cornelissen 2000","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Asombang 1988","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"de Maret 1992a","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"de Maret 1980","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Lavachery 2001; Garcin et al. 2018","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Zangato 2000","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"de Maret 1992a; Garcin et al. 2018","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"DELNEUF Michèle ESSOMBA Joseph-Marie FROMENT Alain (éds). Paléo-anthropologie en Afrique centrale : un bilan de l'archéologie au Cameroun. Paris France : L'Harmattan 1998 368p. (Etudes Africaines) ISBN : 2-7384-7405-5","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Fay 1997; Garcin et al. 2018","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Lavachery P. 2001. The Holocene archaeological sequence of Shum Laka rock shelter (Grassfields western Cameroon) The African Archaeological Review 18 4: 213-247.","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"De Maret P. 1982. New Survey of Archaeological Research and Dates for West-Central and North-Central Africa. The Journal of African History 23: 1-15.","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Pincon 1991","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Asomband 1998; Garcin et al. 2018","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Giblin et al. 2010","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Clist 2004/05","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Livingstone-Smith et al. 2007","bibtex_type":"misc"}[{"bibtex_key":"aDRAC","bibtex_type":"misc","url":"{https://github.com/dirkseidensticker/aDRAC}","note":"{Seidensticker, D. & W. Hubau (2021), ’aDRAC. Archive des datations radiocarbones d’Afrique centrale’, Version 2.0. https://github.com/dirkseidensticker/aDRAC}"}][{"bibtex_key":"p3k14c","bibtex_type":"article","title":"{P3k14c, a Synthetic Global Database of Archaeological Radiocarbon Dates}","author":"{Bird, Darcy and Miranda, Lux and Vander Linden, Marc and Robinson, Erick and Bocinsky, R. Kyle and Nicholson, Chris and Capriles, José M. and Finley, Judson Byrd and Gayo, Eugenia M. and Gil, Adolfo and d’Alpoim Guedes, Jade and Hoggarth, Julie A. and Kay, Andrea and Loftus, Emma and Lombardo, Umberto and Mackie, Madeline and Palmisano, Alessio and Solheim, Steinar and Kelly, Robert L. and Freeman, Jacob}","year":"{2022}","month":"{jan}","journal":"{Scientific Data}","volume":"{9}","number":"{1}","pages":"{27}","publisher":"{Nature Publishing Group}","issn":"{2052-4463}","doi":"{10.1038/s41597-022-01118-7}","abstract":"{Archaeologists increasingly use large radiocarbon databases to model prehistoric human demography (also termed paleo-demography). Numerous independent projects, funded over the past decade, have assembled such databases from multiple regions of the world. These data provide unprecedented potential for comparative research on human population ecology and the evolution of social-ecological systems across the Earth. However, these databases have been developed using different sample selection criteria, which has resulted in interoperability issues for global-scale, comparative paleo-demographic research and integration with paleoclimate and paleoenvironmental data. We present a synthetic, global-scale archaeological radiocarbon database composed of 180,070 radiocarbon dates that have been cleaned according to a standardized sample selection criteria. This database increases the reusability of archaeological radiocarbon data and streamlines quality control assessments for various types of paleo-demographic research. As part of an assessment of data quality, we conduct two analyses of sampling bias in the global database at multiple scales. This database is ideal for paleo-demographic research focused on dates-as-data, bayesian modeling, or summed probability distribution methodologies.}","copyright":"{2022 The Author(s)}","langid":"{english}","keywords":"{Archaeology,Chemistry}","month_numeric":"{1}"}]
---
:bibtex_key: Lavachery/Cornelissen 2000
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Asombang 1988
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: de Maret 1992a
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: de Maret 1980
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Lavachery 2001; Garcin et al. 2018
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Zangato 2000
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: de Maret 1992a; Garcin et al. 2018
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: 'DELNEUF Michèle ESSOMBA Joseph-Marie FROMENT Alain (éds). Paléo-anthropologie
  en Afrique centrale : un bilan de l''archéologie au Cameroun. Paris France : L''Harmattan
  1998 368p. (Etudes Africaines) ISBN : 2-7384-7405-5'
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Fay 1997; Garcin et al. 2018
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: 'Lavachery P. 2001. The Holocene archaeological sequence of Shum Laka
  rock shelter (Grassfields western Cameroon) The African Archaeological Review 18
  4: 213-247.'
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: 'De Maret P. 1982. New Survey of Archaeological Research and Dates for
  West-Central and North-Central Africa. The Journal of African History 23: 1-15.'
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Pincon 1991
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Asomband 1998; Garcin et al. 2018
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Giblin et al. 2010
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Clist 2004/05
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Livingstone-Smith et al. 2007
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
- :bibtex_key: aDRAC
  :bibtex_type: :misc
  :url: "{https://github.com/dirkseidensticker/aDRAC}"
  :note: "{Seidensticker, D. & W. Hubau (2021), ’aDRAC. Archive des datations radiocarbones
    d’Afrique centrale’, Version 2.0. https://github.com/dirkseidensticker/aDRAC}"
---
- :bibtex_key: p3k14c
  :bibtex_type: :article
  :title: "{P3k14c, a Synthetic Global Database of Archaeological Radiocarbon Dates}"
  :author: "{Bird, Darcy and Miranda, Lux and Vander Linden, Marc and Robinson, Erick
    and Bocinsky, R. Kyle and Nicholson, Chris and Capriles, José M. and Finley, Judson
    Byrd and Gayo, Eugenia M. and Gil, Adolfo and d’Alpoim Guedes, Jade and Hoggarth,
    Julie A. and Kay, Andrea and Loftus, Emma and Lombardo, Umberto and Mackie, Madeline
    and Palmisano, Alessio and Solheim, Steinar and Kelly, Robert L. and Freeman,
    Jacob}"
  :year: "{2022}"
  :month: "{jan}"
  :journal: "{Scientific Data}"
  :volume: "{9}"
  :number: "{1}"
  :pages: "{27}"
  :publisher: "{Nature Publishing Group}"
  :issn: "{2052-4463}"
  :doi: "{10.1038/s41597-022-01118-7}"
  :abstract: "{Archaeologists increasingly use large radiocarbon databases to model
    prehistoric human demography (also termed paleo-demography). Numerous independent
    projects, funded over the past decade, have assembled such databases from multiple
    regions of the world. These data provide unprecedented potential for comparative
    research on human population ecology and the evolution of social-ecological systems
    across the Earth. However, these databases have been developed using different
    sample selection criteria, which has resulted in interoperability issues for global-scale,
    comparative paleo-demographic research and integration with paleoclimate and paleoenvironmental
    data. We present a synthetic, global-scale archaeological radiocarbon database
    composed of 180,070 radiocarbon dates that have been cleaned according to a standardized
    sample selection criteria. This database increases the reusability of archaeological
    radiocarbon data and streamlines quality control assessments for various types
    of paleo-demographic research. As part of an assessment of data quality, we conduct
    two analyses of sampling bias in the global database at multiple scales. This
    database is ideal for paleo-demographic research focused on dates-as-data, bayesian
    modeling, or summed probability distribution methodologies.}"
  :copyright: "{2022 The Author(s)}"
  :langid: "{english}"
  :keywords: "{Archaeology,Chemistry}"
  :month_numeric: "{1}"

Changelog