Site type

Location

Coordinates (degrees)
021.953° S, 026.611° E
Coordinates (DMS)
021° 57' 00" E, 026° 36' 00" S
Country (ISO 3166)
Botswana (BW)

radiocarbon date Radiocarbon dates (48)

Lab ID Context Material Taxon Method Uncalibrated age Calibrated age References
TX-6988 NA NA 520±60 BP SARD Bird et al. 2022
TX-6991 NA NA 1400±60 BP Denbow J. Smith J. Ndobochani N.M. Atwood K. and Miller D. 2008. Archaeological excavations at Bosutswe Botswana: cultural chronology paleo-ecology and economy.Journal of Archaeological Science35(2) pp.459-480. Bird et al. 2022
TX-6992 NA NA 1200±60 BP Denbow J. Smith J. Ndobochani N.M. Atwood K. and Miller D. 2008. Archaeological excavations at Bosutswe Botswana: cultural chronology paleo-ecology and economy.Journal of Archaeological Science35(2) pp.459-480. Bird et al. 2022
TX-6993 NA NA 1020±70 BP Denbow J. Smith J. Ndobochani N.M. Atwood K. and Miller D. 2008. Archaeological excavations at Bosutswe Botswana: cultural chronology paleo-ecology and economy.Journal of Archaeological Science35(2) pp.459-480. Bird et al. 2022
TX-6994 NA NA 1370±60 BP Denbow J. Smith J. Ndobochani N.M. Atwood K. and Miller D. 2008. Archaeological excavations at Bosutswe Botswana: cultural chronology paleo-ecology and economy.Journal of Archaeological Science35(2) pp.459-480. Bird et al. 2022
TX-6995 NA NA 1070±60 BP Denbow J. Smith J. Ndobochani N.M. Atwood K. and Miller D. 2008. Archaeological excavations at Bosutswe Botswana: cultural chronology paleo-ecology and economy.Journal of Archaeological Science35(2) pp.459-480. Bird et al. 2022
TX-6996 NA NA 980±80 BP Denbow J. Smith J. Ndobochani N.M. Atwood K. and Miller D. 2008. Archaeological excavations at Bosutswe Botswana: cultural chronology paleo-ecology and economy.Journal of Archaeological Science35(2) pp.459-480. Bird et al. 2022
TX-6997 NA NA 1230±60 BP Dent 1995; Broster et al. 1991; Goodyear 1999: 448; Wisner 1993 Bird et al. 2022

typological date Typological dates (52)

Classification Estimated age References
Iron Age NA denbow2008aeb
NA NA
Iron Age NA denbow2008aeb
NA NA
Iron Age NA denbow2008aeb
NA NA
Iron Age NA denbow2008aeb
NA NA
Iron Age NA denbow2008aeb
NA NA
Iron Age NA denbow2008aeb
NA NA
Iron Age NA denbow2008aeb
NA NA
Iron Age NA denbow2008aeb
NA NA
Iron Age NA denbow2008aeb
NA NA
Iron Age NA denbow2008aeb
NA NA

Bibliographic reference Bibliographic references

@misc{denbow2008aeb,
  
}
@misc{Denbow J. Smith J. Ndobochani N.M. Atwood K. and Miller D. 2008. Archaeological excavations at Bosutswe Botswana: cultural chronology paleo-ecology and economy.Journal of Archaeological Science35(2) pp.459-480.,
  
}
@misc{SARD,
  
}
@misc{Dent 1995; Broster et al. 1991; Goodyear 1999: 448; Wisner 1993,
  
}
@misc{SARD,
  url = {https://github.com/emmaloftus/Southern-African-Radiocarbon-Database},
  note = { Loftus, E., Mitchell, P., & Ramsey, C. (2019). An archaeological radiocarbon database for southern Africa. Antiquity, 93(370), 870-885. doi:10.15184/aqy.2019.75}
}
@article{p3k14c,
  title = {P3k14c, a Synthetic Global Database of Archaeological Radiocarbon Dates},
  author = {Bird, Darcy and Miranda, Lux and Vander Linden, Marc and Robinson, Erick and Bocinsky, R. Kyle and Nicholson, Chris and Capriles, José M. and Finley, Judson Byrd and Gayo, Eugenia M. and Gil, Adolfo and d’Alpoim Guedes, Jade and Hoggarth, Julie A. and Kay, Andrea and Loftus, Emma and Lombardo, Umberto and Mackie, Madeline and Palmisano, Alessio and Solheim, Steinar and Kelly, Robert L. and Freeman, Jacob},
  year = {2022},
  month = {jan},
  journal = {Scientific Data},
  volume = {9},
  number = {1},
  pages = {27},
  publisher = {Nature Publishing Group},
  issn = {2052-4463},
  doi = {10.1038/s41597-022-01118-7},
  abstract = {Archaeologists increasingly use large radiocarbon databases to model prehistoric human demography (also termed paleo-demography). Numerous independent projects, funded over the past decade, have assembled such databases from multiple regions of the world. These data provide unprecedented potential for comparative research on human population ecology and the evolution of social-ecological systems across the Earth. However, these databases have been developed using different sample selection criteria, which has resulted in interoperability issues for global-scale, comparative paleo-demographic research and integration with paleoclimate and paleoenvironmental data. We present a synthetic, global-scale archaeological radiocarbon database composed of 180,070 radiocarbon dates that have been cleaned according to a standardized sample selection criteria. This database increases the reusability of archaeological radiocarbon data and streamlines quality control assessments for various types of paleo-demographic research. As part of an assessment of data quality, we conduct two analyses of sampling bias in the global database at multiple scales. This database is ideal for paleo-demographic research focused on dates-as-data, bayesian modeling, or summed probability distribution methodologies.},
  copyright = {2022 The Author(s)},
  langid = {english},
  keywords = {Archaeology,Chemistry},
  month_numeric = {1}
}
{"bibtex_key":"denbow2008aeb","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Denbow J. Smith J. Ndobochani N.M. Atwood K. and Miller D. 2008. Archaeological excavations at Bosutswe Botswana: cultural chronology paleo-ecology and economy.Journal of Archaeological Science35(2) pp.459-480.","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"SARD","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Dent 1995; Broster et al. 1991; Goodyear 1999: 448; Wisner 1993","bibtex_type":"misc"}[{"bibtex_key":"SARD","bibtex_type":"misc","url":"{https://github.com/emmaloftus/Southern-African-Radiocarbon-Database}","note":"{ Loftus, E., Mitchell, P., & Ramsey, C. (2019). An archaeological radiocarbon database for southern Africa. Antiquity, 93(370), 870-885. doi:10.15184/aqy.2019.75}"}][{"bibtex_key":"p3k14c","bibtex_type":"article","title":"{P3k14c, a Synthetic Global Database of Archaeological Radiocarbon Dates}","author":"{Bird, Darcy and Miranda, Lux and Vander Linden, Marc and Robinson, Erick and Bocinsky, R. Kyle and Nicholson, Chris and Capriles, José M. and Finley, Judson Byrd and Gayo, Eugenia M. and Gil, Adolfo and d’Alpoim Guedes, Jade and Hoggarth, Julie A. and Kay, Andrea and Loftus, Emma and Lombardo, Umberto and Mackie, Madeline and Palmisano, Alessio and Solheim, Steinar and Kelly, Robert L. and Freeman, Jacob}","year":"{2022}","month":"{jan}","journal":"{Scientific Data}","volume":"{9}","number":"{1}","pages":"{27}","publisher":"{Nature Publishing Group}","issn":"{2052-4463}","doi":"{10.1038/s41597-022-01118-7}","abstract":"{Archaeologists increasingly use large radiocarbon databases to model prehistoric human demography (also termed paleo-demography). Numerous independent projects, funded over the past decade, have assembled such databases from multiple regions of the world. These data provide unprecedented potential for comparative research on human population ecology and the evolution of social-ecological systems across the Earth. However, these databases have been developed using different sample selection criteria, which has resulted in interoperability issues for global-scale, comparative paleo-demographic research and integration with paleoclimate and paleoenvironmental data. We present a synthetic, global-scale archaeological radiocarbon database composed of 180,070 radiocarbon dates that have been cleaned according to a standardized sample selection criteria. This database increases the reusability of archaeological radiocarbon data and streamlines quality control assessments for various types of paleo-demographic research. As part of an assessment of data quality, we conduct two analyses of sampling bias in the global database at multiple scales. This database is ideal for paleo-demographic research focused on dates-as-data, bayesian modeling, or summed probability distribution methodologies.}","copyright":"{2022 The Author(s)}","langid":"{english}","keywords":"{Archaeology,Chemistry}","month_numeric":"{1}"}]
---
:bibtex_key: denbow2008aeb
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: 'Denbow J. Smith J. Ndobochani N.M. Atwood K. and Miller D. 2008. Archaeological
  excavations at Bosutswe Botswana: cultural chronology paleo-ecology and economy.Journal
  of Archaeological Science35(2) pp.459-480.'
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: SARD
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: 'Dent 1995; Broster et al. 1991; Goodyear 1999: 448; Wisner 1993'
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
- :bibtex_key: SARD
  :bibtex_type: :misc
  :url: "{https://github.com/emmaloftus/Southern-African-Radiocarbon-Database}"
  :note: "{ Loftus, E., Mitchell, P., & Ramsey, C. (2019). An archaeological radiocarbon
    database for southern Africa. Antiquity, 93(370), 870-885. doi:10.15184/aqy.2019.75}"
---
- :bibtex_key: p3k14c
  :bibtex_type: :article
  :title: "{P3k14c, a Synthetic Global Database of Archaeological Radiocarbon Dates}"
  :author: "{Bird, Darcy and Miranda, Lux and Vander Linden, Marc and Robinson, Erick
    and Bocinsky, R. Kyle and Nicholson, Chris and Capriles, José M. and Finley, Judson
    Byrd and Gayo, Eugenia M. and Gil, Adolfo and d’Alpoim Guedes, Jade and Hoggarth,
    Julie A. and Kay, Andrea and Loftus, Emma and Lombardo, Umberto and Mackie, Madeline
    and Palmisano, Alessio and Solheim, Steinar and Kelly, Robert L. and Freeman,
    Jacob}"
  :year: "{2022}"
  :month: "{jan}"
  :journal: "{Scientific Data}"
  :volume: "{9}"
  :number: "{1}"
  :pages: "{27}"
  :publisher: "{Nature Publishing Group}"
  :issn: "{2052-4463}"
  :doi: "{10.1038/s41597-022-01118-7}"
  :abstract: "{Archaeologists increasingly use large radiocarbon databases to model
    prehistoric human demography (also termed paleo-demography). Numerous independent
    projects, funded over the past decade, have assembled such databases from multiple
    regions of the world. These data provide unprecedented potential for comparative
    research on human population ecology and the evolution of social-ecological systems
    across the Earth. However, these databases have been developed using different
    sample selection criteria, which has resulted in interoperability issues for global-scale,
    comparative paleo-demographic research and integration with paleoclimate and paleoenvironmental
    data. We present a synthetic, global-scale archaeological radiocarbon database
    composed of 180,070 radiocarbon dates that have been cleaned according to a standardized
    sample selection criteria. This database increases the reusability of archaeological
    radiocarbon data and streamlines quality control assessments for various types
    of paleo-demographic research. As part of an assessment of data quality, we conduct
    two analyses of sampling bias in the global database at multiple scales. This
    database is ideal for paleo-demographic research focused on dates-as-data, bayesian
    modeling, or summed probability distribution methodologies.}"
  :copyright: "{2022 The Author(s)}"
  :langid: "{english}"
  :keywords: "{Archaeology,Chemistry}"
  :month_numeric: "{1}"

Changelog