Site types
Settlement and

Location

Coordinates (degrees)
037.650° N, 032.820° E
Coordinates (DMS)
037° 39' 00" E, 032° 49' 00" N
Country (ISO 3166)
Türkiye (TR)

radiocarbon date Radiocarbon dates (174)

Lab ID Context Material Taxon Method Uncalibrated age Calibrated age References
PL-972139A seeds Cerealae, charred seeds NA 7710±70 BP Göktürk et al. 2002
OxA-11075 bone Bos NA 7725±75 BP Thissen et al. 2004-2006
P-1365 charcoal Juniperites NA 7729±80 BP Stuckenrath and Lawn 1969, Cressford 2001, Thissen 2002a
PL-980559A charcoal NA NA 7730±80 BP Göktürk et al. 2002
OxA-11029 seeds Lens NA 7730±45 BP Thissen et al. 2004-2006
OxA-11046 seeds Triticum dicoccum NA 7730±50 BP Thissen et al. 2004-2006
AA-19351 charcoal Juniperites NA 7747±65 BP Newton and Kuniholm 1999, Thissen 2002a
OxA-11183 seeds Cerealae, charred seeds NA 7750±45 BP Thissen et al. 2004-2006
OxA-11713 seeds Lens NA 7755±55 BP Thissen et al. 2004-2006
P-1374 charcoal elm NA 7757±92 BP Stuckenrath and Lawn 1969, Thissen 2002a
OxA-11049 human bone, juvenile NA 7760±50 BP Thissen et al. 2004-2006
PL-9800563A seeds Cerealae, charred seeds NA 7760±90 BP Göktürk et al. 2002
PL-980519A seeds Cerealae, charred seeds NA 7760±80 BP Göktürk et al. 2002
OxA-11032 seeds Cerealae, charred seeds NA 7765±40 BP Thissen et al. 2004-2006
OxA-9945 seeds Scirpus NA 7775±50 BP Cressford 2001, Thissen 2002a
OxA-11050 human bone, juvenile NA 7775±50 BP Thissen et al. 2004-2006
AA-27976 charcoal NA NA 7780±55 BP Göktürk et al. 2002
PL-980520A seeds Cerealae, charred seeds NA 7780±80 BP Göktürk et al. 2002
OxA-11028 seeds Cerealae, charred seeds NA 7780±40 BP Thissen et al. 2004-2006
OxA-11042 seeds Triticum NA 7785±45 BP Thissen et al. 2004-2006

typological date Typological dates (156)

Classification Estimated age References
PN NA Newton and Kuniholm 1999, Thissen 2002a
PN NA Thissen et al. 2004-2006
PN NA Thissen et al. 2004-2006
PN NA Stuckenrath and Lawn 1969, Thissen 2002a
E-PN NA NA
PN NA Thissen et al. 2004-2006
PN NA Göktürk et al. 2002
PN NA Göktürk et al. 2002
PN NA Thissen et al. 2004-2006
PN NA Cressford 2001, Thissen 2002a
PN NA Thissen et al. 2004-2006
PN NA Göktürk et al. 2002
PN NA Göktürk et al. 2002
PN NA Thissen et al. 2004-2006
PN NA Thissen et al. 2004-2006
PN NA Thissen et al. 2004-2006
PN NA Göktürk et al. 2002
PN NA Göktürk et al. 2002
PN NA Göktürk et al. 2002
PN NA Thissen et al. 2004-2006

Bibliographic reference Bibliographic references

@misc{Göktürk et al. 2002,
  
}
@misc{Cressford 2001, Thissen 2002a,
  
}
@misc{Thissen et al. 2004-2006,
  
}
@misc{Stuckenrath and Lawn 1969, Cressford 2001, Thissen 2002a,
  
}
@misc{Stuckenrath and Ralph 1965, Cressford 2001, Thissen 2002a,
  
}
@misc{Stuckenrath and Ralph 1965, Mellaart 1975, Cressford 2001, Thissen 2002a,
  
}
@misc{Mellaart 1975, Cressford 2001, Thissen 2002a,
  
}
@misc{Stuckenrath and Ralph 1965, Mellaart 1975, Thissen 2002a,
  
}
@misc{Stuckenrath and Ralph 1965, Thissen 2002a,
  
}
@misc{Newton and Kuniholm 1999, Thissen 2002a,
  
}
@misc{Stuckenrath and Lawn 1969, Thissen 2002a,
  
}
@misc{Gktrk et al. 2002, Thissen et al. 2004-2006,
  
}
@misc{Cressford 1998, Thissen 2002a,
  
}
@misc{Stuckenrath and Lawn 1969, Breunig 1987, Cressford 2001, Thissen 2002a,
  
}
@misc{Cressford 1998, Cressford 2001, Thissen 2002a,
  
}
@misc{Bronk Ramsey et. al. 2009,
  
}
@misc{CalPal,
  
}
@misc{Newton and Kuniholm 1999 Thissen 2002a,
  
}
@misc{à,
  
}
@misc{Cessford 2005: 86 Bronk Ramsey et al. 2009: 338 340,
  
}
@misc{Cessford 2005: 85 Bronk Ramsey et al. 2009: 338 340,
  
}
@misc{Bronk Ramsey 2009,
  
}
@misc{Cessford 2005: 86 Bronk Ramsey et al. 2009: 337,
  
}
@misc{Stuckenrath and Ralph 1965 Mellaart 1975 Thissen 2002a,
  
}
@misc{CALPAL,
  
}
@misc{CONTEXT,
  url = {http://context-database.uni-koeln.de/index.php},
  note = {Schyle, D. & Böhner, U. 2006. Near Eastern radiocarbon CONTEXT database. https://doi.org/10.1594/GFZ.CONTEXT.ED1}
}
@article{NERD,
  title = {The NERD Dataset: Near East Radiocarbon Dates between 15,000 and 1,500 Cal. Yr. BP},
  shorttitle = {The NERD Dataset},
  author = {Palmisano, Alessio and Bevan, Andrew and Lawrence, Dan and Shennan, Stephen},
  date = {2022-02-22},
  volume = {10},
  number = {0},
  pages = {2},
  publisher = {Ubiquity Press},
  issn = {2049-1565},
  doi = {10.5334/joad.90},
  url = {https://openarchaeologydata.metajnl.com/articles/10.5334/joad.90},
  urldate = {2023-09-07},
  abstract = {To our knowledge, the dataset described in this paper represents the largest existing repository of uncalibrated radiocarbon dates for the whole Near East from the Late Pleistocene to the Late Holocene (15,000 – 1,500 cal. yr. BP). It is composed of 11,027 radiocarbon dates from 1,023 sites that have been collected comprehensively by cross-checking multiple sources (extant digital archives and databases, edited volumes, monographs, journals papers, archaeological excavation reports, etc.) under the umbrella of the Leverhulme Trust funded project “Changing the Face of the Mediterranean” and of the ERC project “CLASS – Climate, Landscape, Settlement and Society: Exploring Human-Environment Interaction in the Ancient Near East”. This is an ongoing dataset that will be updated step by step with newly published radiocarbon dates.},
  issue = {0},
  langid = {american},
  file = {/home/joeroe/g/work/library/2022/Palmisano_et_al_2022.pdf}
}
@article{p3k14c,
  title = {P3k14c, a Synthetic Global Database of Archaeological Radiocarbon Dates},
  author = {Bird, Darcy and Miranda, Lux and Vander Linden, Marc and Robinson, Erick and Bocinsky, R. Kyle and Nicholson, Chris and Capriles, José M. and Finley, Judson Byrd and Gayo, Eugenia M. and Gil, Adolfo and d’Alpoim Guedes, Jade and Hoggarth, Julie A. and Kay, Andrea and Loftus, Emma and Lombardo, Umberto and Mackie, Madeline and Palmisano, Alessio and Solheim, Steinar and Kelly, Robert L. and Freeman, Jacob},
  year = {2022},
  month = {jan},
  journal = {Scientific Data},
  volume = {9},
  number = {1},
  pages = {27},
  publisher = {Nature Publishing Group},
  issn = {2052-4463},
  doi = {10.1038/s41597-022-01118-7},
  abstract = {Archaeologists increasingly use large radiocarbon databases to model prehistoric human demography (also termed paleo-demography). Numerous independent projects, funded over the past decade, have assembled such databases from multiple regions of the world. These data provide unprecedented potential for comparative research on human population ecology and the evolution of social-ecological systems across the Earth. However, these databases have been developed using different sample selection criteria, which has resulted in interoperability issues for global-scale, comparative paleo-demographic research and integration with paleoclimate and paleoenvironmental data. We present a synthetic, global-scale archaeological radiocarbon database composed of 180,070 radiocarbon dates that have been cleaned according to a standardized sample selection criteria. This database increases the reusability of archaeological radiocarbon data and streamlines quality control assessments for various types of paleo-demographic research. As part of an assessment of data quality, we conduct two analyses of sampling bias in the global database at multiple scales. This database is ideal for paleo-demographic research focused on dates-as-data, bayesian modeling, or summed probability distribution methodologies.},
  copyright = {2022 The Author(s)},
  langid = {english},
  keywords = {Archaeology,Chemistry},
  month_numeric = {1}
}
{"bibtex_key":"Göktürk et al. 2002","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Cressford 2001, Thissen 2002a","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Thissen et al. 2004-2006","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Stuckenrath and Lawn 1969, Cressford 2001, Thissen 2002a","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Stuckenrath and Ralph 1965, Cressford 2001, Thissen 2002a","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Stuckenrath and Ralph 1965, Mellaart 1975, Cressford 2001, Thissen 2002a","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Mellaart 1975, Cressford 2001, Thissen 2002a","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Stuckenrath and Ralph 1965, Mellaart 1975, Thissen 2002a","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Stuckenrath and Ralph 1965, Thissen 2002a","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Newton and Kuniholm 1999, Thissen 2002a","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Stuckenrath and Lawn 1969, Thissen 2002a","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Gktrk et al. 2002, Thissen et al. 2004-2006","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Cressford 1998, Thissen 2002a","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Stuckenrath and Lawn 1969, Breunig 1987, Cressford 2001, Thissen 2002a","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Cressford 1998, Cressford 2001, Thissen 2002a","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Bronk Ramsey et. al. 2009","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"CalPal","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Newton and Kuniholm 1999 Thissen 2002a","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"à","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Cessford 2005: 86 Bronk Ramsey et al. 2009: 338 340","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Cessford 2005: 85 Bronk Ramsey et al. 2009: 338 340","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Bronk Ramsey 2009","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Cessford 2005: 86 Bronk Ramsey et al. 2009: 337","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"Stuckenrath and Ralph 1965 Mellaart 1975 Thissen 2002a","bibtex_type":"misc"}{"bibtex_key":"CALPAL","bibtex_type":"misc"}[{"bibtex_key":"CONTEXT","bibtex_type":"misc","url":"{http://context-database.uni-koeln.de/index.php}","note":"{Schyle, D. & Böhner, U. 2006. Near Eastern radiocarbon CONTEXT database. https://doi.org/10.1594/GFZ.CONTEXT.ED1}"}][{"bibtex_key":"NERD","bibtex_type":"article","title":"{The NERD Dataset: Near East Radiocarbon Dates between 15,000 and 1,500 Cal. Yr. BP}","shorttitle":"{The NERD Dataset}","author":"{Palmisano, Alessio and Bevan, Andrew and Lawrence, Dan and Shennan, Stephen}","date":"{2022-02-22}","volume":"{10}","number":"{0}","pages":"{2}","publisher":"{Ubiquity Press}","issn":"{2049-1565}","doi":"{10.5334/joad.90}","url":"{https://openarchaeologydata.metajnl.com/articles/10.5334/joad.90}","urldate":"{2023-09-07}","abstract":"{To our knowledge, the dataset described in this paper represents the largest existing repository of uncalibrated radiocarbon dates for the whole Near East from the Late Pleistocene to the Late Holocene (15,000 – 1,500 cal. yr. BP). It is composed of 11,027 radiocarbon dates from 1,023 sites that have been collected comprehensively by cross-checking multiple sources (extant digital archives and databases, edited volumes, monographs, journals papers, archaeological excavation reports, etc.) under the umbrella of the Leverhulme Trust funded project “Changing the Face of the Mediterranean” and of the ERC project “CLASS – Climate, Landscape, Settlement and Society: Exploring Human-Environment Interaction in the Ancient Near East”. This is an ongoing dataset that will be updated step by step with newly published radiocarbon dates.}","issue":"{0}","langid":"{american}","file":"{/home/joeroe/g/work/library/2022/Palmisano_et_al_2022.pdf}"}][{"bibtex_key":"p3k14c","bibtex_type":"article","title":"{P3k14c, a Synthetic Global Database of Archaeological Radiocarbon Dates}","author":"{Bird, Darcy and Miranda, Lux and Vander Linden, Marc and Robinson, Erick and Bocinsky, R. Kyle and Nicholson, Chris and Capriles, José M. and Finley, Judson Byrd and Gayo, Eugenia M. and Gil, Adolfo and d’Alpoim Guedes, Jade and Hoggarth, Julie A. and Kay, Andrea and Loftus, Emma and Lombardo, Umberto and Mackie, Madeline and Palmisano, Alessio and Solheim, Steinar and Kelly, Robert L. and Freeman, Jacob}","year":"{2022}","month":"{jan}","journal":"{Scientific Data}","volume":"{9}","number":"{1}","pages":"{27}","publisher":"{Nature Publishing Group}","issn":"{2052-4463}","doi":"{10.1038/s41597-022-01118-7}","abstract":"{Archaeologists increasingly use large radiocarbon databases to model prehistoric human demography (also termed paleo-demography). Numerous independent projects, funded over the past decade, have assembled such databases from multiple regions of the world. These data provide unprecedented potential for comparative research on human population ecology and the evolution of social-ecological systems across the Earth. However, these databases have been developed using different sample selection criteria, which has resulted in interoperability issues for global-scale, comparative paleo-demographic research and integration with paleoclimate and paleoenvironmental data. We present a synthetic, global-scale archaeological radiocarbon database composed of 180,070 radiocarbon dates that have been cleaned according to a standardized sample selection criteria. This database increases the reusability of archaeological radiocarbon data and streamlines quality control assessments for various types of paleo-demographic research. As part of an assessment of data quality, we conduct two analyses of sampling bias in the global database at multiple scales. This database is ideal for paleo-demographic research focused on dates-as-data, bayesian modeling, or summed probability distribution methodologies.}","copyright":"{2022 The Author(s)}","langid":"{english}","keywords":"{Archaeology,Chemistry}","month_numeric":"{1}"}]
---
:bibtex_key: Göktürk et al. 2002
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Cressford 2001, Thissen 2002a
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Thissen et al. 2004-2006
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Stuckenrath and Lawn 1969, Cressford 2001, Thissen 2002a
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Stuckenrath and Ralph 1965, Cressford 2001, Thissen 2002a
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Stuckenrath and Ralph 1965, Mellaart 1975, Cressford 2001, Thissen 2002a
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Mellaart 1975, Cressford 2001, Thissen 2002a
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Stuckenrath and Ralph 1965, Mellaart 1975, Thissen 2002a
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Stuckenrath and Ralph 1965, Thissen 2002a
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Newton and Kuniholm 1999, Thissen 2002a
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Stuckenrath and Lawn 1969, Thissen 2002a
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Gktrk et al. 2002, Thissen et al. 2004-2006
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Cressford 1998, Thissen 2002a
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Stuckenrath and Lawn 1969, Breunig 1987, Cressford 2001, Thissen 2002a
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Cressford 1998, Cressford 2001, Thissen 2002a
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Bronk Ramsey et. al. 2009
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: CalPal
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Newton and Kuniholm 1999 Thissen 2002a
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: à
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: 'Cessford 2005: 86 Bronk Ramsey et al. 2009: 338 340'
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: 'Cessford 2005: 85 Bronk Ramsey et al. 2009: 338 340'
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Bronk Ramsey 2009
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: 'Cessford 2005: 86 Bronk Ramsey et al. 2009: 337'
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: Stuckenrath and Ralph 1965 Mellaart 1975 Thissen 2002a
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
:bibtex_key: CALPAL
:bibtex_type: :misc
---
- :bibtex_key: CONTEXT
  :bibtex_type: :misc
  :url: "{http://context-database.uni-koeln.de/index.php}"
  :note: "{Schyle, D. & Böhner, U. 2006. Near Eastern radiocarbon CONTEXT database.
    https://doi.org/10.1594/GFZ.CONTEXT.ED1}"
---
- :bibtex_key: NERD
  :bibtex_type: :article
  :title: "{The NERD Dataset: Near East Radiocarbon Dates between 15,000 and 1,500
    Cal. Yr. BP}"
  :shorttitle: "{The NERD Dataset}"
  :author: "{Palmisano, Alessio and Bevan, Andrew and Lawrence, Dan and Shennan, Stephen}"
  :date: "{2022-02-22}"
  :volume: "{10}"
  :number: "{0}"
  :pages: "{2}"
  :publisher: "{Ubiquity Press}"
  :issn: "{2049-1565}"
  :doi: "{10.5334/joad.90}"
  :url: "{https://openarchaeologydata.metajnl.com/articles/10.5334/joad.90}"
  :urldate: "{2023-09-07}"
  :abstract: "{To our knowledge, the dataset described in this paper represents the
    largest existing repository of uncalibrated radiocarbon dates for the whole Near
    East from the Late Pleistocene to the Late Holocene (15,000 – 1,500 cal. yr. BP).
    It is composed of 11,027 radiocarbon dates from 1,023 sites that have been collected
    comprehensively by cross-checking multiple sources (extant digital archives and
    databases, edited volumes, monographs, journals papers, archaeological excavation
    reports, etc.) under the umbrella of the Leverhulme Trust funded project “Changing
    the Face of the Mediterranean” and of the ERC project “CLASS – Climate, Landscape,
    Settlement and Society: Exploring Human-Environment Interaction in the Ancient
    Near East”. This is an ongoing dataset that will be updated step by step with
    newly published radiocarbon dates.}"
  :issue: "{0}"
  :langid: "{american}"
  :file: "{/home/joeroe/g/work/library/2022/Palmisano_et_al_2022.pdf}"
---
- :bibtex_key: p3k14c
  :bibtex_type: :article
  :title: "{P3k14c, a Synthetic Global Database of Archaeological Radiocarbon Dates}"
  :author: "{Bird, Darcy and Miranda, Lux and Vander Linden, Marc and Robinson, Erick
    and Bocinsky, R. Kyle and Nicholson, Chris and Capriles, José M. and Finley, Judson
    Byrd and Gayo, Eugenia M. and Gil, Adolfo and d’Alpoim Guedes, Jade and Hoggarth,
    Julie A. and Kay, Andrea and Loftus, Emma and Lombardo, Umberto and Mackie, Madeline
    and Palmisano, Alessio and Solheim, Steinar and Kelly, Robert L. and Freeman,
    Jacob}"
  :year: "{2022}"
  :month: "{jan}"
  :journal: "{Scientific Data}"
  :volume: "{9}"
  :number: "{1}"
  :pages: "{27}"
  :publisher: "{Nature Publishing Group}"
  :issn: "{2052-4463}"
  :doi: "{10.1038/s41597-022-01118-7}"
  :abstract: "{Archaeologists increasingly use large radiocarbon databases to model
    prehistoric human demography (also termed paleo-demography). Numerous independent
    projects, funded over the past decade, have assembled such databases from multiple
    regions of the world. These data provide unprecedented potential for comparative
    research on human population ecology and the evolution of social-ecological systems
    across the Earth. However, these databases have been developed using different
    sample selection criteria, which has resulted in interoperability issues for global-scale,
    comparative paleo-demographic research and integration with paleoclimate and paleoenvironmental
    data. We present a synthetic, global-scale archaeological radiocarbon database
    composed of 180,070 radiocarbon dates that have been cleaned according to a standardized
    sample selection criteria. This database increases the reusability of archaeological
    radiocarbon data and streamlines quality control assessments for various types
    of paleo-demographic research. As part of an assessment of data quality, we conduct
    two analyses of sampling bias in the global database at multiple scales. This
    database is ideal for paleo-demographic research focused on dates-as-data, bayesian
    modeling, or summed probability distribution methodologies.}"
  :copyright: "{2022 The Author(s)}"
  :langid: "{english}"
  :keywords: "{Archaeology,Chemistry}"
  :month_numeric: "{1}"

Changelog